#72 “A TRUE DISCIPLE OF CHRIST” (Luke 10:1-42)
Do you know what it takes to be a disciple of Christ? On today’s episode, Jason teaches from Luke 10 and shows the significance of being commissioned by Christ, the call to be a Good Samaritan, and the importance of learning to lay at His feet. DOWNLOAD STUDY GUIDE
#72 “A TRUE DISCIPLE OF CHRIST”
After Jesus tells the crowd and the Pharisees that He is The Door of the sheep (Jn. 10:7-9) and the Good Shepherd (Jn. 10:11-15); He appoints seventy-two disciples to go into the towns and proclaim the truth about Him. Only Luke records this account.
EVENT #1: COMMISSIONING THE SEVENTY (10:1-24)
- After this the Lord appointed seventy-two others and sent them on ahead of him, two by two, into every town and place where he himself was about to go. Jesus sent out the twelve in Matthew 10 and Luke 9:1-6 (who ministered in Galilee), and He now sends other disciples (representatives) to continue to spread His message in Judea.
A. “God multiplied the prophetic empowerment on Moses by inspiring 72 of Israel’s elders (70 plus Eldad and Medad; Nu 11:24– 26); Moses wished for this inspiration to extend to all of God’s people (Nu 11:29). Jesus chose 12 apostles to lead renewal in Israel (which had 12 tribes; 22:30); Jewish people reckoned that there were 70 (or sometimes 72) nations. two by two. Messengers were often sent in pairs.”
B. Jesus sent the seventy-two into every city that He was about to go—Judea and Perea.
- 2 And he said to them, “The harvest is plentiful, but the laborers are few. Therefore pray (beg; implore)earnestly to the Lord of the harvest to send out (thrust forth)laborers into his harvest. Both John the Baptist and Jesus came preaching for people to repent for the Kingdom of Heaven is at hand (see Mk. 1:15). Jesus gives the analogy of the harvest. Implying the hard work that comes with being sent to proclaim the gospel. Jesus had shared about the “spiritual harvest” earlier in John 4:35-38 and in Matthew 9:37-38. This repetitive message shows the priority of Jesus to raise up laborers to collect the bounty. Otherwise, it will go to waste. Send out laborers – Spurgeon, “Now the Greek is much more forcible, it is that he would push them forward, and thrust them out; it is the same word which is used for the expulsion of a devil from a man possessed. It takes great power to drive a devil out, it will need equal power from God to drive a minister out to his work.”
- 3 Go your way; behold, I am sending (apostellō)you out as lambs in the midst of wolves. 4 Carry no moneybag, no knapsack, no sandals, and greet no one on the road. The mindset of the disciples is to be active and ready, and to trust the Lord to meet their needs. Greetings took a long time, and their objective was to cover more ground. They had to avoid long delays. People on important missions were excused from certain cultural formalities. Midst of wolves—The seventy-two disciples symbolized Jesus’ own Sanhedrin that would bring the peace of God to Judea, and challenge the false teaching of the scribes and Pharisees.
A. The early church provided resources and money for evangelists and teachers to travel and spread the gospel. 3 John 7-8, “For they have gone out for the sake of the name, accepting nothing from the Gentiles. Therefore we ought to support people like these, that we may be fellow workers for the truth.”
- 5 Whatever house you enter, first say, ‘Peace (between God and man)be to this house!’ 6 And if a son of peace (honorable and benevolent person)is there, your peace will rest upon him. But if not, it will return to you. There will be those who receive salvation, and those who reject it. Jesus judged the Pharisees for performing long salutations (“love greetings in the marketplaces” (Lk. 20:45-47). His disciples were to bring the Messianic blessing of peace (Shalom) upon a home.
- 7 And remain in the same house, eating and drinking what they provide, for the laborer deserves his wages. Do not go from house to house. 8 Whenever you enter a town and they receive you, eat what is set before you. It was customary for travelers to be hosted by others during their journey. Do not go from house to house—Establishing headquarters in certain cities/towns was strategic and effective.
- 9 Heal the sick in it and say to them, ‘The kingdom of God has come (drawn; present)near to you.’ Jesus gives these seventy-two disciples power to heal. This confirmed for people the Kingdom of Heaven was coming.
- 10 But whenever you enter a town and they do not receive you, go into its streets and say, 11 ‘Even the dust of your town that clings to our feet we wipe off against you. Nevertheless know this, that the kingdom of God has come near.’ 12 I tell you, it will be more bearable on that day (Day of Judgement)for Sodom than for that town. Wiping off dust was a sign of protest or a sign of impending judgment. Which, according to Jesus, will be worse than the fate ofSodom (a destructive and wicked city, see Matt. 10:14-15).
A. “If a town rejected the Twelve the latter were to shake the town’s dust off their feet. When Jews returned home from a Gentile country, they would shake the dust off their feet to signify their breaking ties with the Gentiles. In this way the Twelve signified that certain Jewish townspeople were like Gentiles who would not listen or believe. Jesus was thus giving the entire area opportunity to believe His message and mission.”
- 13 “Woe to you, Chorazin! Woe to you, Bethsaida! For if the mighty works (powerful deeds)done in you had been done in Tyre and Sidon, they would have repented long ago, sitting in sackcloth and ashes. 14 But it will be more bearable (tolerable; endurable)in the judgment for Tyre and Sidon than for you. 15 And you, Capernaum, will you be exalted to heaven? You shall be brought down to Hades. Chorazin and Bethsaida are near Capernaum just north of the Sea of Galilee. Jesus spent a lot of time in these two cities in His early ministry. Many of the twelve disciples lived in this area. John 1:43-44, “The next day Jesus decided to go to Galilee. He found Philip and said to him, “Follow me.” Now Philip was from Bethsaida, the city of Andrew and Peter.”
A. “This seems like harsh language from the lips of the Son of God, but we dare not ignore it or try to explain it away. He named three ancient cities that had been judged by God—Sodom (Gen. 19), and Tyre and Sidon (Ezek. 26–28; Isa. 23)—and used them to warn three cities of His day: Chorazin, Bethsaida, and Capernaum. These three cities had been given more privileges than the three ancient cities, and therefore they had more responsibility. If Sodom, Tyre, and Sidon were destroyed, how could Chorazin, Bethsaida, and Capernaum escape?”
- 16 “The one who hears you hears me, and the one who rejects you rejects me, and the one who rejects me rejects him who sent me.” The disciples were representatives of Jesus. They went out in His Name and were empowered with His message.
- 17 The seventy-two returned with joy, saying, “Lord, even the demons are subject to us in your name!” The disciples were thrilled to experience the power of God defeat demons and push back Satan’s hold on this region.19 Behold, I have given you authority to tread on serpents and scorpions (spiritual wickedness), and over all the power of the enemy (hostile opposer), and nothing shall hurt you. Jesus uses OT symbolic language of a serpentand scorpion to describe the evil dangers of Satan. However, the disciples were protected by the dangers of Satan’s kingdom. 20 Nevertheless, do not rejoice in this, that the spirits are subject to you, but rejoice that your names are written in heaven (stands forever written in heaven).” There is great joy and freedom in knowing that Satan is not victorious over Christ’s disciples. But an even greater joy is for Christ’s disciples to rejoice that they will be in heaven someday.
- Ephesians 6:16, “In all circumstances take up the shield of faith, with which you can extinguish all the flaming darts of the evil one…”
- 1 John 5:4, “For everyone who has been born of God overcomes the world. And this is the victory that has overcome the world—our faith.”
- 18 And he said to them, “I saw Satan fall (loss of power and authority)like lightning from heaven. The mission of the seventy-two disciples had put a major setback on Satan’s operations in Judea. Satan’s rule over the earth will come to an end (see Jn. 12:31; 1 Jn. 3:8; Rev. 20:2-9).
- 21 In that same hour he rejoiced (thrilled with joy)in the Holy Spirit and said, “I thank (acknowledge; confess) you, Father, Lord of heaven and earth, that you have hidden these things from the wise and understanding and revealed them to little children; yes, Father, for such was your gracious will. Jesus turns in praise to the sovereignty of the Father and the great privileges He has lavished on His children.
- 22 All things have been handed over to me by my Father, and no one knows who the Son is except the Father, or who the Father is except the Son and anyone to whom the Son chooses to reveal him.” Jesus declares the unity and harmony between the two persons of the Trinity.
- 23 Then turning to the disciples he said privately, “Blessed are the eyes that see what you see! 24 For I tell you that many prophets and kings desired to see what you see, and did not see it, and to hear what you hear, and did not hear it.” OT believers in God longed to see prophecy fulfilled; so for the disciples—it was a greatprivilege to see and walk in the Messianic era.
EVENT #2 – THE GOOD SAMARITAN (10:25-37)
- 25 And behold, a lawyer stood up to put him to the test (to learn the nature of; not hostile), saying, “Teacher (Rabbi), what shall I do to inherit (possess; benefit; obtain)eternal life?” The lawyer was an expert in the Mosaic law and in Rabbinical studies (a Pharisee; scribe). He came to Jesus to find out what He had to say about eternal life (a question asked to Jesus many times: John 3:1-16; Matt. 19:16-22). The lawyer represents a person who hears the gospel and knows some truth; yet, chooses to reject it. The open rebuke in 10:10-12 applies to the lawyer.
- 28 And he said to him, “You have answered correctly; do (perform)this, and you will live.” If he could keep these two commands perfectly; he could inherit eternal life. An impossible task given the fact he is born in sin; and isn’t God. Salvation is by faith; not keeping the Law. 26 He said to him, “What is written in the Law? How do you read it?” Jesus responds to the legal expert by posing two questions about the Law.27 And he answered, “You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength and with all your mind, and your neighbor as yourself.” The lawyer answered correctly by quoting Deuteronomy 6:5 (love God) and Leviticus 19:18 (love your neighbor). Jesus would later be challenged by a similar question in Matthew 22:35-40.
- 29 But he, desiring to justify (prove to be right)himself, said to Jesus, “And who is my neighbor?” An honest response would have been to ask how he could possibly love God and his fellow man without sin. Instead, the lawyer tried to prove himself righteous on account of himself. Who is my neighbor—The Jews had very technical and limited definitions for neighbor (excluding Samaritans and Gentiles). The lawyer believed he fulfilled the first commandment—and yet—didn’t believe Jesus was the Messiah. He also failed to love people outside his narrow definition. John writes, “If anyone says, “I love God,” and hates his brother, he is a liar; for he who does not love his brother whom he has seen cannot love God whom he has not seen. And this commandment we have from him: whoever loves God must also love his brother (1 Jn. 4:20-21).”
- 30 Jesus replied, “A man was going down from Jerusalem to Jericho (priestly city), and he fell (to fall into the hands of)among robbers, who stripped him and beat him and departed, leaving him half dead. Located in the Jordan Valley (North of the Dead Sea), this path from Jerusalem to Jericho was narrow, rugged, and known for its robbers who hid behind corners. Traveling this path alone was foolish. The lesson isn’t meant to be taken allegorically. Nowhere does Jesus mention this to be a parable.
- 31 Now by chance a priest was going down that road, and when he saw him he passed by on the other side. Priests and Levites traveled this road often because they lived in Jericho (wealthy city) and went to Jerusalem to conduct their temple duties. The first religious official (priest) neglected to meet the needs of his fellow Jew. Not obliging to perform acts of mercy. Priests performed sacrifices on behalf of the Jews—but wasn’t willing to sacrifice anything for this dying man.
- 32 So likewise a Levite, when he came to the place and saw him, passed by on the other side. Levites were not descendants of Aaron, but of Levi. They assisted the priests in the temple and performed many duties. Levites represented purity; and yet, he showed no pure motives to help the dying man.
- 33 But a Samaritan, as he journeyed, came to where he was, and when he saw him, he had compassion (great affection; pity). Ryrie writes, “The Samaritans were descendants of colonists whom the Assyrian kings planted in Palestine after the fall of the Northern Kingdom in 722 B.C. They were despised by the Jews because of their mixed Gentile blood and their different worship, which centered at Mount Gerizim (Jn. 4:20-22).” Jesus sets up this Samaritan as a brave traveler—willing to be among Jews, priests and Levites. The hatred was mutual—and yet, the Samaritan sees this Jew in dire need, and has compassion for him.
- 34 He went to him and bound up his wounds, pouring on oil and wine. Then he set him on his own animal and brought him to an inn and took care of him. The Samaritan uses proper elements to cleanse, soothe and heal the man’s wounds; and takes him to an inn to recover.
- 35 And the next day he took out two denarii and gave them to the innkeeper, saying, ‘Take care of him, and whatever more you spend, I will repay you when I come back.’ The Samaritan not only uses his own supplies to heal the Jew; but pays out two day’s wages to ensure he received proper care and rest.
- 36 Which of these three, do you think, proved to be a neighbor to the man who fell among the robbers?” A direct question that hinges on the first and second commands.
- 37 He said, “The one who showed him mercy.” And Jesus said to him, “You go, and do likewise.” Prior to this encounter with the lawyer, the Jewish leaders had just accused Jesus of being a Samaritan and having a demon (see Jn. 8:48). This teaching condemned the priest and Levite for not fulfilling the law; and uplifted the Samaritan (the despised and rejected) as the one who cared for the needs of a Jew. An uneasy answer for the lawyer to give. He was (essentially) admitting three things: (1) He doesn’t show that kind of mercy, (2) The Priest and Levite were in the wrong, and (3) the Samaritan fulfilled the law.
EVENT #3 – JESUS DINES WITH MARY AND MARTHA (10:38-42)
- 38 Now as they went on their way, Jesus entered a village. And a woman named Martha welcomed (accepted; received with friendliness)him into her house. Mary and Martha had (what seemed) a familial relationship with Jesus (including their brother, Lazarus – Jn. 11:1-44). The two sisters also represent believers who receive the Messianic peace; yet, respond to it differently at times. Jesus entered a village—The town the sisters lived in was Bethany (just a mile or so east of Jerusalem). Bethany was also the city Jesus stayed in a week prior to His death.
- 39 And she had a sister called Mary, who sat at the Lord’s feet and listened to his teaching. “Mary of Bethany is seen three times in the Gospel record, and on each occasion, she is in the same place: at the feet of Jesus. She sat at His feet and listened to His Word (Luke 10:39), fell at His feet and shared her woe (John 11:32), and came to His feet and poured out her worship (John 12:3). It is interesting to note that in each of these instances, there is some kind of fragrance: in Luke 10, it is food; in John 11, it is death (John 11:39); and in John 12, it is perfume.”
- 40 But Martha was distracted with much serving. And she went up to him and said, “Lord, do you not care that my sister has left me to serve alone? Tell her then to help me.” Martha neglected to spend time with Jesus. She was so focused on doing something for Him.
- 41 But the Lord answered her, “Martha, Martha, you are anxious and troubled about many things, 42 but one thing is necessary. Mary has chosen the good portion, which will not be taken away from her.” The lesson to Martha, and to the rest of the church is before we serve Him—we must first sit at His feet and learn from Him. The church must love Jesus (like Mary) and serve Him (like Martha). Worship of God always precedes the work we do for Him.
HarperCollins Christian Publishing. NIV, Cultural Backgrounds Study Bible, eBook: Bringing to Life the Ancient World of Scripture (Kindle Locations 233197-233201). Zondervan. Kindle Edition.
John A. Martin, “Luke,” in The Bible Knowledge Commentary: An Exposition of the Scriptures, ed. J. F. Walvoord and R. B. Zuck, vol. 2 (Wheaton, IL: Victor Books, 1985), 228.
Warren W. Wiersbe, The Bible Exposition Commentary, vol. 1 (Wheaton, IL: Victor Books, 1996), 210.
Warren W. Wiersbe, The Bible Exposition Commentary, vol. 1 (Wheaton, IL: Victor Books, 1996), 213.